Sabtu, 21 April 2012

ADJECTIVE CLAUSE


Adjective Clause
Oleh Watini pada 7 Januari 2012 pukul 18:27
Adjective Clause (Klausa Adjektif)


What do you think ?

Ilustrasi:
Saya suka buku............ada di atas meja itu.
Kata apa yang cocok untuk mengisi titik – titik di atas?

            Sebelum lebih jauh berbicara tentang “adjective clause”. Terlebih dahulu pelajari istilah – istilah berikut ini:

1.             Clause ( Klausa) adalah :
            sekelompok kata yang mengandung sebuah subjek dan sebuah kata kerja (verb).

2.          Independent Clause ( Klausa Independen) adalah :
kalimat lengkap yang mengandung sebuah subjek dan sebuah kata kerja (verb). Independent Clause  disebut juga “main clause.” 

3.          Dependent Clause ( Klausa Independen)
adalah :kalimat tidak lengkap yang harus dihubungkan kepada sebuah “Independent Clause”.

4.          Adjective Clause (Klausa Adjektif)
            adalah    :sebuah “dependent clause” yang memodifikasi sebuah kata benda yang bertujuan untuk menjelaskan, mengidentifikasi, atau memberi informasi lebih lanjut tentang benda tersebut. Adjective Clause disebut juga Relative Clause.

Example
I like the book which is on the table.
Kata “which” memodifikasi kata “book”.

            Klausa Adjective biasanya diawali oleh kata yang disebut “relative pronoun” atau kata ganti penghubung yang berfungsi untuk menghubungkan Kata Benda yang dijelaskan dengan Kalimat yang menjelaskannya.
Macam – Macam  Kata Ganti Penghubung  (Relative Pronouns)
 - who
 - whom
 - whose
 - which
 - that
Some Examples
1. The man who came here just now  is Mr.Wahyu.
    (=Pria yang baru saja datang ke sini adalah Pak Wahyu)
2. The film which I saw last night  was very good.
    (=Film yang saya lihat tadi malam  sangat bagus)
3. The girls whom I met in the party last night are very friendly.
    (=Gadis – gadis yang saya jumpai di pesta tadi malam  sangat ramah.)
4. The boy whose father died looks very sad.
    (=Anak lelaki yang ayahnya meninggal itu tampak sangat sedih.)
Question 1
Tahukah kamu apa arti kata – kata who, which, whom, whose, yang terdapat dalam contoh kalimat tadi?
answer   :
Question 2
Karena keempat kata tersebut memiliki arti yang sama dalam bahasa Indonesia, dapatkah kata – kata tersebut saling menggantikan?
answer   :  meskipun keempat “relative pronoun” tersebut memiliki makna yang sama dalam    
               bahasa Indonesia, namun masing – masing memiliki fungsi yang berbeda - beda.
               “who” dan “whom” hanya digunakan untuk kata ganti penghubung “orang”.Sedangkan   
               “which” digunakan untuk kata ganti penghubung “benda”


Perhatikan Contoh Berikut!
1. I thanked the man who helped me.
2. They killed the dog which bit a boy.

Latihan. Complete these sentences with who or which.

1.  I don’t know the girl ........... talked with you.
2.  The book ........... You bought yesterday is very good.
3.  She wants a magazine...........has alot of picture in it.
4.  The police caught the thief ...........stole my money.
5.  Did you see someone ...........went out from this room?

Apa perbedaan antara  who, whom, dan whose
Untuk menjawab pertanyaan di atas, perhatikan contoh – contoh kalimat berikut ini

1.The man who drives an aeroplane is called a pilot
2.The film was about a man who fought against the corruption.
3.The man whom I met in the party a pilot
4.I will visit the doctor whom you talked about.
5.The man whose son died looked sad.
6.President Susilo will visit the people whose houses were damage by floods.

Latihan. Fill in the blanks with, who, whom, or whose!

1.  The man .............she married with left her a month after they got married.
2.  I met the girl …………you saw in the party.
3.  They visited the man …………….bought a new car.
4.  Has he talked to the girl .............. book he borrowed yesterday?
5.  The woman ……….. car was stolen called the police.
6.  The servant .................broke the vase apologized for her carelessness.
7.  I apologized to the woman.............I spilled her coffee.
8.  They met the woman...............husband is the president of the corporation.
9.  The passengers..............came late missed the train.
10.The profesor...............theory used everywhere died at the age of 70.

Bagaimana cara menggunakan kata “that”.
Relative pronoun (kata penghubung) who, whom dan which dalam kalimat – kalimat di atas dapat diganti dengan Relative pronoun (kata penghubung) that.

Examples
1. The passengers who came late missed the train.
Menjadi:
    The passengers that came late missed the train.

2. I apologized to the woman whom I spilled  her coffee.
Menjadi:
    I apologized to the woman that I spilled  her coffee.

3. The film which I saw last night  was very good.
Menjadi:
    The film that I saw last night  was very good.

Latihan . Fill in the blanks with : who, whom, whose or which.

  1. He has eaten the fruit …………. he bought this morning.
  2. I saw the doctor ……………. I met  in the hospital.
  3. She has studied  the lesson ……………the teacher explained last week.
  4. I  met the girl …………you saw in the party.
  5. They visited the man …………….bought a new car.
  6. Has he returned the book ………….. he borrowed yesterday?
  7. Siti will not post the letter ………… she wrote yesterday.
  8. We removed the chair …………..you bought last week.
  9. The woman …………… has glasses is my mother.
  10. The girls ………….. are playing volleyball are SMP 1 students.
  11. The man …………. died of hunger is very old.
  12. The woman ……….. car was stolen called the police.
  13. I met the girl ………….. umbrella was left.
  14. She married the man …………wife died last year.
  15. He knows the man ………….. son went to England  two years ago.
  16.  The  old man …………… you helped in the street is his grandpa.
  17. Do you see someone ……………is bringing a suitcase?
  18. I don’t like people …………. talk too much.
  19. The film ………………I watched last night is about the Vietnam’s war.
  20. We visited the family ………….. house was on fire last month.
  21. The servant broke the plate …………..my aunt bought in the market.
  22. Have you read the magazine ………………. I  gave to you?
  23. The young lady ………….. lives next to me is very beautiful.
  24. The boys …………. are playing football look very happy.
  25. The man ………..dog bit a boy is called by the police.
  26. Did you remember the man …………… motor-cycle hit you?
  27. The man ……………. I met this morning is a tailor.
  28. The young man …………she married a month ago died of cancer.
  29. The cat ……………..is sleeping by the door is very tame.
  30. Are the shoes ……………….. you bought last Sunday  comfortable to wear?

Tidak ada komentar:

Poskan Komentar